Australian Desalination Research Roadmap

Posted on 20 November 2012

roadmap_coverThe Australian Desalination Research Roadmap was first released by the National Centre of Excellence in Desalination Australia (NCEDA) in March 2010. This third edition follows a formal review undertaken on behalf of the Centre by academic, industry and government representatives in 2012.

Contents:
1          Introduction
1.1       Purpose
1.2       Research roadmaps
1.3       Roadmap framework
1.4       Motivation
1.4.1    Australia’s unique circumstances
1.4.2    Rural and regional areas
1.4.3    Reducing the carbon footprint
1.5       Strategic alignment
1.5.1    The Centre’s strategic objectives
1.5.2    Vision for desalination in Australia
1.6       Methodology
2          Australia’s Water Needs
2.1       Purpose
2.2       Australia’s water balance
2.2.1    Inflows
2.2.2    Ground water extraction
2.2.3    Production
2.2.4    Consumption
2.2.5    Reservoirs
2.2.6    Cost of water
2.3       Urban needs
2.3.1    Major capital city water supply
2.3.2    Consumption and sustainable water yield
2.4       Rural population needs
2.4.1    Dryland salinity
2.5       Industrial needs
2.5.1    Electricity generation
2.5.2    Industrial
2.5.3    Mining
2.5.4    Energy-water nexus
2.6       Agricultural needs
2.6.1    Irrigation
2.6.2    Murray Darling Basin
2.7       Impact of climate change
2.7.1    Rainfall variability
2.7.2    Increased evaporation
2.7.3    Rising sea levels
2.8       Conclusions
3          State of the Technology
3.1       Introduction and scope
3.2       Source water intake technology
3.2.1    Overview
3.2.2    General issues
3.2.3    Issues for the Australian desalination industry
3.3       Pre-treatment
3.3.1    Overview
3.3.2    General issues
3.3.3    Issues for the Australian desalination industry
3.4       Desalting systems
3.4.1    Technologies for physical separation
3.4.2    Technologies for phase change separation
3.4.3    Technologies for chemical separation
3.5       Waste product management
3.5.1    Overview
3.5.2    General issues
3.5.3    Issues for the Australian desalination industry
3.6       Product water
3.6.1    Overview
3.6.2    General issues
3.6.3    Issues for the Australian desalination industry
3.7       Managing energy usage and carbon footprint
3.7.1    Overview
3.7.2    General issues
3.7.3    Issues for the Australian desalination industry
3.8       Conclusions
4          Priority Research Themes
4.1       Purpose
4.2       Priority research themes by technology area
4.2.1    Pre-treatment
4.2.2    Reverse osmosis desalting
4.2.3    Novel desalting
4.2.4    Concentrate management
4.2.5    Social, environmental and economic issues
4.2.6    Summary of improvement opportunities
4.3       Details of priority research themes
5          Research Portfolio
5.1       Overview
5.2       Pre-treatment
5.3       Reverse osmosis desalting
5.4       Novel desalting
5.5       Concentrate management
5.6       Social, environmental and economic issues
References

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